Barbados



Flags of All Countries

Barbados Economy 2008


Economy - overview: Historically, the Barbadian economy was dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities. However, production in recent years has diversified into light industry and tourism, with about three-quarters of GDP and 80% of exports being attributed to services. Growth has rebounded since 2003, bolstered by increases in construction projects and tourism revenues - reflecting its success in the higher-end segment. The country enjoys one of the highest per capita incomes in the region and an investment grade rating which benefits from its political stability and stable institutions. Offshore finance and information services are important foreign exchange earners and thrive from having the same time zone as eastern US financial centers and a relatively highly educated workforce. The government continues its efforts to reduce unemployment, to encourage direct foreign investment, and to privatize remaining state-owned enterprises.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.31 billion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $3.739 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 4.3% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $18,900 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6% industry: 16% services: 78% (2000 est.)
Labor force: 128,500 (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 10% industry: 15% services: 75% (1996 est.)
Unemployment rate: 10.7% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $847 million (including grants) expenditures: $886 million (2000 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.5% (2007 est.)
Central bank discount rate: 12% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate: 10.8% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money: $1.478 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money: $2.717 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit: $3.533 billion (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products: sugarcane, vegetables, cotton
Industries: tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Industrial production growth rate: -3.2% (2000 est.)
Electricity - production: 1.003 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 939.9 million kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production: 1,111 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 8,674 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 1,750 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 10,710 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 2.2 million bbl (1 January 2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 29.17 million cu m (2006 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 29.17 million cu m (2006 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 141.6 million cu m (1 January 2008 est.)
Current account balance: -$254 million (2007 est.)
Exports: $385 million (2006)
Exports - commodities: manufactures, sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components
Exports - partners: Trinidad and Tobago 15.5%, Jamaica 13.5%, UK 9.4%, US 9.3%, Brazil 8.3%, Saint Lucia 7.2%, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5% (2007)
Imports: $1.586 billion (2006)
Imports - commodities: consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components
Imports - partners: US 30.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 27.6%, UK 6.5% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $620 million (2007)
Debt - external: $668 million (2003)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $5.513 billion (2005)
Currency (code): Barbadian dollar (BBD)
Exchange rates: Barbadian dollars (BBD) per US dollar - NA (2007), 2 (2006), 2 (2005), 2 (2004), 2 (2003)

NOTE: The economy information regarding Barbados on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Barbados Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Barbados Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.