Benin



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Benin Economy 2008


Economy - overview: The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. Growth in real output has averaged around 5% in the past seven years, but rapid population growth has offset much of this increase. Inflation has subsided over the past several years. In order to raise growth still further, Benin plans to attract more foreign investment, place more emphasis on tourism, facilitate the development of new food processing systems and agricultural products, and encourage new information and communication technology. Specific projects to improve the business climate by reforms to the land tenure system, the commercial justice system, and the financial sector were included in Benin's $307 million Millennium Challenge Account grant signed in February 2006. The 2001 privatization policy continues in telecommunications, water, electricity, and agriculture though the government annulled the privatization of Benin's state cotton company in November 2007 after the discovery of irregularities in the bidding process. The Paris Club and bilateral creditors have eased the external debt situation, with Benin benefiting from a G8 debt reduction announced in July 2005, while pressing for more rapid structural reforms. An insufficient electrical supply continues to adversely affect Benin's economic growth though the government recently has taken steps to increase domestic power production.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $12 billion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $5.433 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 4.5% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,400 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 33.2% industry: 14.5% services: 52.3% (2007 est.)
Labor force: 5.38 million (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.1% highest 10%: 29% (2003)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 36.5 (2003)
Investment (gross fixed): 19.3% of GDP (2007 est.)
Budget: revenues: $959.2 million expenditures: $1.211 billion (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.3% (2007 est.)
Central bank discount rate: 4.25% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate: NA
Stock of money: $1.324 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money: $627.2 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit: $520.6 million (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products: cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews; livestock
Industries: textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement
Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2007 est.)
Electricity - production: 120 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 595 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 590 million kWh (2006 est.)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 9,232 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - exports: 6,484 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 16,830 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - proved reserves: 8 million bbl (1 January 2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 1.133 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)
Current account balance: -$441 million (2007 est.)
Exports: $586 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Exports - commodities: cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood
Exports - partners: China 24.7%, India 8.2%, Niger 6.6%, Togo 5.4%, Nigeria 5.3%, Belgium 4.6% (2007)
Imports: $1.085 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products
Imports - partners: China 44.5%, France 8.2%, US 6.5%, Thailand 6.3%, Malaysia 4.8% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $1.209 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Debt - external: $1.2 billion (2007)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
Currency (code): Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003) note: since 1 January 1999, the XOF franc has been pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF francs per euro

NOTE: The economy information regarding Benin on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Benin Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Benin Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.