Bermuda



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Bermuda Economy 2008


Economy - overview: Bermuda enjoys the third highest per capita income in the world, more than 50% higher than that of the US. Its economy is primarily based on providing financial services for international business and luxury facilities for tourists. A number of reinsurance companies relocated to the island following the 11 September 2001 attacks and again after Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, contributing to the expansion of an already robust international business sector. Bermuda's tourism industry - which derives over 80% of its visitors from the US - continues to struggle but remains the island's number two industry. Most capital equipment and food must be imported. Bermuda's industrial sector is small, although construction continues to be important; the average cost of a house in June 2003 had risen to $976,000. Agriculture is limited with only 20% of the land being arable.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $4.5 billion (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $NA
GDP - real growth rate: 4.6% (2004 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $69,900 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1% industry: 10% services: 89% (2002 est.)
Labor force: 38,360 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and fishing 3%, laborers 17%, clerical 19%, professional and technical 21%, administrative and managerial 15%, sales 7%, services 19% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 2.1% (2004 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $738 million expenditures: $665 million (FY04/05)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.8% (November 2005)
Agriculture - products: bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey
Industries: international business, tourism, light manufacturing
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 675.6 million kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 619.8 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 4,566 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 4,378 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Exports: $763 million (2006)
Exports - commodities: reexports of pharmaceuticals
Exports - partners: Spain 13.8%, Germany 11.7%, Switzerland 8.8%, Denmark 6.6%, UK 6% (2007)
Imports: $1.162 billion (2006)
Imports - commodities: clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
Imports - partners: South Korea 36.4%, US 15.7%, Germany 13.2%, Italy 11.8% (2007)
Debt - external: $160 million (FY99/00)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $2.125 billion (2005)
Currency (code): Bermudian dollar (BMD)
Exchange rates: Bermudian dollars (BMD) per US dollar - 1.0000 (fixed rate pegged to the US dollar)

NOTE: The economy information regarding Bermuda on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bermuda Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bermuda Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.