Nicaragua



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Nicaragua Economy 2007


Economy - overview: Nicaragua has widespread underemployment and the third lowest per capita income in the Western Hemisphere. Distribution of income is one of the most unequal on the globe. While the country has progressed toward macroeconomic stability in the past few years, GDP annual growth has been far too low to meet the country's needs, forcing the country to rely on international economic assistance to meet fiscal and debt financing obligations. Nicaragua qualified in early 2004 for some $4.5 billion in foreign debt reduction under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and in November 2006 obtained over $800 million in debt relief from the Inter-American Development Bank. In October 2005, Nicaragua ratified the US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), which will provide an opportunity for Nicaragua to attract investment, create jobs, and deepen economic development. Energy shortages, however, are a serious bottleneck to growth.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $17.09 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $4.871 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.7% (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17.2% industry: 25.9% services: 56.9% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 2.204 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 29% industry: 19% services: 52% (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 3.8% plus underemployment of 46.5% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 48% (2005)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.2% highest 10%: 33.8% (2001)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 43.1 (2001)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 9.1% (2006 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): 29.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $996.7 million expenditures: $1.211 billion (2006 est.)
Public debt: 83.1% of GDP (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products: coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products; shrimp, lobsters
Industries: food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood
Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2005 est.)
Electricity - production: 2.778 billion kWh (2006)
Electricity - consumption: 2.929 billion kWh (2006)
Electricity - exports: 8 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports: 69.34 million kWh (2006)
Oil - production: 14,300 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 25,200 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - exports: 1,397 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 15,560 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2006)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Current account balance: $-854.4 million (2006 est.)
Exports: $1.978 billion f.o.b.; note - includes free trade zones (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: coffee, beef, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts
Exports - partners: US 65.2%, El Salvador 6.9%, Honduras 3.8% (2006)
Imports: $3.422 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum products
Imports - partners: US 20.1%, Mexico 13.9%, Venezuela 9.4%, Costa Rica 6.9%, Guatemala 5.4%, China 4.3% (2006)
Economic aid - recipient: $471 million (2006 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $921.9 million (2006 est.)
Debt - external: $3.918 billion (2006 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
Currency (code): gold cordoba (NIO)
Exchange rates: gold cordobas per US dollar - 17.582 (2006), 16.733 (2005), 15.937 (2004), 15.105 (2003), 14.251 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year

NOTE: The economy information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.