Cook Islands



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Cook Islands Economy 2008


Economy - overview: Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, the limited size of domestic markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture, employing about one-third of the working population, provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Black pearls are the Cook Islands' leading export. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are offset by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid, overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country lived beyond its means, maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms, including the sale of state assets, the strengthening of economic management, the encouragement of tourism, and a debt restructuring agreement, have rekindled investment and growth.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $183.2 million (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $183.2 million (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 0.1% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,100 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 15.1% industry: 9.6% services: 75.3% (2004)
Labor force: 6,820 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 29% industry: 15% services: 56% (1995)
Unemployment rate: 13.1% (2005)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $70.95 million expenditures: $69.05 million (FY05/06)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.1% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee; pigs, poultry
Industries: fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2002)
Electricity - production: 30 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 27.9 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 463.7 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 475.5 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance: $26.67 million (2005)
Exports: $5.222 million (2005)
Exports - commodities: copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing
Exports - partners: Australia 34%, Japan 27%, NZ 25%, US 8% (2006)
Imports: $81.04 million (2005)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goods
Imports - partners: NZ 61%, Fiji 19%, US 9%, Australia 6% (2006)
Debt - external: $141 million (1996 est.)
Currency (code): NZ dollar (NZD)
Exchange rates: NZ dollars (NZD) per US dollar - 1.3811 (2007), 1.5408 (2006), 1.4203 (2005), 1.5087 (2004), 1.7221 (2003)

NOTE: The economy information regarding Cook Islands on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cook Islands Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cook Islands Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.