Dominica



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Dominica Economy 2007


Economy - overview: The Dominican economy depends on agriculture, primarily bananas, and remains highly vulnerable to climatic conditions and international economic developments. Tourism has increased as the government seeks to promote Dominica as an "ecotourism" destination. Development of the tourism industry remains difficult, however, because of the rugged coastline, lack of beaches, and the absence of an international airport. The government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy in 2003 - including elimination of price controls, privatization of the state banana company, and tax increases - to address Dominica's economic crisis and to meet IMF targets. In order to diversify the island's production base, the government is attempting to develop an offshore financial sector and is planning to construct an oil refinery on the eastern part of the island.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $485 million (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $279 million (2005)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.1% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,800 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17.7% industry: 32.8% services: 49.5% (2004 est.)
Labor force: 25,000 (1999 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 40% industry: 32% services: 28% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 23% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line: 30% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): -0.1% (2005 est.)
Budget: revenues: $73.9 million expenditures: $84.4 million (2001)
Agriculture - products: bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts, cocoa; forest and fishery potential not exploited
Industries: soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Industrial production growth rate: -10% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production: 80 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption: 74.4 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - consumption: 900 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2006)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports: $74 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports - commodities: bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges
Exports - partners: UK 24.8%, Jamaica 12.3%, Antigua and Barbuda 9.8%, Guyana 8.3%, China 7.9%, Trinidad and Tobago 5.4%, Saint Lucia 4.5% (2006)
Imports: $234 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Imports - commodities: manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners: US 25.2%, China 22.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 13.7%, South Korea 4.8% (2006)
Economic aid - recipient: $15.17 million (2005 est.)
Debt - external: $213 million (2004)
Currency (code): East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002)
Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

NOTE: The economy information regarding Dominica on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominica Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominica Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.