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Philippines Economy 2007

Economy - overview: The Philippines was less severely affected by the Asian financial crisis of 1998 than its neighbors, aided in part by its high level of annual remittances from overseas workers, no sustained runup in asset prices, and more moderate debt, prior to the crisis. From a 0.6% decline in 1998, GDP expanded by 2.4% in 1999, and 4.4% in 2000, but slowed to 3.2% in 2001 in the context of a global economic slowdown, an export slump, and political and security concerns. Average GDP growth accelerated to about 5% between 2002 and 2006 reflecting the continued resilience of the service sector, and improved exports and agricultural output. Nonetheless, it will take a higher, sustained growth path to make appreciable progress in the alleviation of poverty given the Philippines' high annual population growth rate and unequal distribution of income. The Philippines also faces higher oil prices, higher interest rates on its dollar borrowings, and higher inflation. Fiscal constraints limit Manila's ability to finance infrastructure and social spending. The Philippines' consistently large budget deficit has produced a high debt level, and this situation has forced Manila to spend a large portion of the national government budget on debt service. Large unprofitable public enterprises, especially in the energy sector, contribute to the government's debt because of slow progress on privatization. Credit rating agencies have at times expressed concern about the Philippines' ability to service the debt, though central bank reserves appear adequate and large remittance inflows appear stable. The implementation of the expanded Value Added Tax (VAT) in November 2005 boosted confidence in the government's fiscal capacity and helped to strengthen the peso, making it East Asia's best performing currency in 2005-06. Investors and credit rating institutions will continue to look for effective implementation of the new VAT and continued improvement in the government's overall fiscal capacity in the coming year.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $449.8 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $116.9 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 5.4% (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 14.1% industry: 31.6% services: 54.2% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 35.79 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 36% industry: 15% services: 49% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 7.9% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: 40% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.2% highest 10%: 34.2% (2003)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 44.5 (2003)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.3% (2006 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): 13.8% of GDP (2006 est.)
Budget: revenues: $19.07 billion expenditures: $20.29 billion (2006 est.)
Public debt: 63.8% of GDP (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish
Industries: electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Industrial production growth rate: 4.8% (2006 est.)
Electricity - production: 53.67 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption: 46.86 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production: 25,320 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 342,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - exports: 34,900 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports: 353,700 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves: 152 million bbl (31 December 2006)
Natural gas - production: 2.781 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 2.781 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2005)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 107.5 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance: $5.022 billion (2006 est.)
Exports: $46.16 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports - commodities: semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits
Exports - partners: US 18.3%, Japan 16.5%, Netherlands 10.1%, China 9.8%, Hong Kong 7.8%, Singapore 7.3%, Malaysia 5.6%, Taiwan 4.3% (2006)
Imports: $53.11 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports - commodities: electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic
Imports - partners: US 16.3%, Japan 13.6%, Singapore 8.5%, Taiwan 8%, China 7.1%, South Korea 6.2%, Saudi Arabia 5.8%, Malaysia 4.1%, Thailand 4.1%, Hong Kong 4% (2006)
Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $561.8 million in commitments (2005)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $22.97 billion (2006 est.)
Debt - external: $62.44 billion (2006 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $16.37 billion (2006 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $2.189 billion (2006 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $68.38 billion (2006)
Currency (code): Philippine peso (PHP)
Exchange rates: Philippine pesos per US dollar - 51.246 (2006), 55.086 (2005), 56.04 (2004), 54.203 (2003), 51.604 (2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year

NOTE: The economy information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.