Samoa



Flags of All Countries

Samoa Economy 2008


Economy - overview: The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The fish catch declined during the El Nino of 2002-03 but returned to normal by mid-2005. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 25% of GDP; 116,000 tourists visited the islands in 2006. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.029 billion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $397 million (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 6% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,400 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11.4% industry: 58.4% services: 30.2% (2004 est.)
Labor force: 90,000 (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA% industry: NA% services: NA%
Unemployment rate: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $171.3 million expenditures: $78.1 million (FY04/05 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (2007 est.)
Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.65% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money: $69.97 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money: $168.7 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit: $215.1 million (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products: coconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
Industries: food processing, building materials, auto parts
Industrial production growth rate: 2.8% (2000)
Electricity - production: 109 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 101.4 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 1,130 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 1,128 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance: -$24 million (2007 est.)
Exports: $131 million f.o.b. (2006)
Exports - commodities: fish, coconut oil and cream, copra, taro, automotive parts, garments, beer
Exports - partners: Australia 48.1%, American Samoa 30%, Taiwan 8% (2007)
Imports: $324 million f.o.b. (2006)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, foodstuffs
Imports - partners: NZ 22.1%, Fiji 17.2%, Singapore 16.1%, Australia 7.9%, Japan 6.8%, Indonesia 5.4%, US 5.3% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $70.15 million (FY03/04)
Debt - external: $177 million (2004)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
Currency (code): tala (SAT)
Exchange rates: tala (SAT) per US dollar - NA (2007), 2.7594 (2006), 2.7103 (2005), 2.7807 (2004), 2.9732 (2003)

NOTE: The economy information regarding Samoa on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Samoa Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Samoa Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.