Tonga



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Tonga Economy 2008


Economy - overview: Tonga has a small, open, South Pacific island economy. It has a narrow export base in agricultural goods. Squash, vanilla beans, and yams are the main crops, and agricultural exports, including fish, make up two-thirds of total exports. The country must import a high proportion of its food, mainly from New Zealand. The country remains dependent on external aid and remittances from Tongan communities overseas to offset its trade deficit. Tourism is the second-largest source of hard currency earnings following remittances. The government is emphasizing the development of the private sector, especially the encouragement of investment, and is committing increased funds for health and education. Tonga has a reasonably sound basic infrastructure and well-developed social services. High unemployment among the young, a continuing upturn in inflation, pressures for democratic reform, and rising civil service expenditures are major issues facing the government.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $526 million (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $219 million (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: -3.5% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,100 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25% industry: 17% services: 57% (FY05/06 est.)
Labor force: 33,910 (2003)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 65% industry and services: 35% (1997 est.)
Unemployment rate: 13% (FY03/04 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $80.48 million expenditures: $109.8 million (FY07/08)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.9% (2007 est.)
Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.16% (31 December 2007)
Stock of money: $46.38 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money: $106.8 million (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit: $163.1 million (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products: squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish
Industries: tourism, construction, fishing
Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production: 43 million kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 39.99 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 870 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - imports: 1,035 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2007 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2007 est.)
Current account balance: -$23 million (2007 est.)
Exports: $22 million f.o.b. (2006)
Exports - commodities: squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops
Exports - partners: US 36.7%, Japan 21.6%, NZ 10.1%, Fiji 5.8%, Samoa 4.9% (2007)
Imports: $139 million f.o.b. (2006)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners: Fiji 32.5%, NZ 27.5%, US 9%, Australia 7.4%, China 5% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $40.83 million (yearend, FY04/05)
Debt - external: $80.7 million (2004)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
Currency (code): pa'anga (TOP)
Exchange rates: pa'anga (TOP) per US dollar - NA (2007), 2.0277 (2006), 1.96 (2005), 1.9716 (2004), 2.142 (2003)

NOTE: The economy information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.