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Guyana Geography 2001

Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 5 00 N, 59 00 W
Map references: South America
Area: total:  214,970 sq km land:  196,850 sq km water:  18,120 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Idaho
Land boundaries: total:  2,462 km border countries:  Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Coastline: 459 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf:  200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin exclusive economic zone:  200 NM territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point:  Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land use: arable land:  2% permanent crops:  0% permanent pastures:  6% forests and woodland:  84% other:  8% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 1,300 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Environment - current issues: water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements

NOTE: The geography information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.