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Panama Military 2008

Military branches: no regular military forces; Panamanian Public Forces or PPF includes the Panamanian National Police (PNP), National Maritime Service (NMS), and National Air Service (NAS) (2008)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 851,044 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 673,103 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 31,042 female: 29,969 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures: 1% of GDP (2006)
Military - note: on 10 February 1990, the government of then President ENDARA abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces; in October 1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the creation of a standing military force but allowing the temporary establishment of special police units to counter acts of "external aggression"

NOTE: The military information regarding Panama on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Panama Military 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Panama Military 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.