Russian Federation

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Russian Federation Transportation 2001

Railways: total:  149,000 km note:  86,000 km are in common carrier service; 63,000 km serve specific industries and are not available for common carrier use; 40,000 km of the railway in common carrier use are electrified broad gauge:  149,000 km 1.520-m gauge (1998)
Highways: total:  952,000 km paved:  752,000 km (including, in addition to about 336,000 km of conventionally paved roads, about 416,000 km of roads, the surfaces of which have been stabilized with gravel or other coarse aggregates, making them trafficable in wet weather) unpaved:  200,000 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1998)
Waterways: 95,900 km (total routes in general use) note:  routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet-95,900 km; routes with night navigational aids-60,400 km; man-made navigable routes-16,900 km (Jan 1994)
Pipelines: crude oil 48,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 140,000 km (June 1993 est.)
Ports and harbors: Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Kaliningrad, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Saint Petersburg, Rostov, Sochi, Tuapse, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg
Merchant marine: total:  878 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,314,485 GRT/5,344,958 DWT ships by type:  barge carrier 1, bulk 20, cargo 543, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 21, combination ore/oil 7, container 31, multi-functional large-load carrier 1, passenger 35, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 164, refrigerated cargo 24, roll on/roll off 17, short-sea passenger 7 note:  includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: Reunion 1 (2000 est.)
Airports: 2,743 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways: total:  471 over 3,047 m:  56 2,438 to 3,047 m:  178 1,524 to 2,437 m:  76 914 to 1,523 m:  69 under 914 m:  92 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  2,272 over 3,047 m:  28 2,438 to 3,047 m:  118 1,524 to 2,437 m:  204 914 to 1,523 m:  324 under 914 m:  1,598 (2000 est.)

NOTE: The transportation information regarding Russian Federation on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Russian Federation Transportation 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Russian Federation Transportation 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.